This is a rare autoimmune condition that affects the muscles in your body. Mycoplasma is very common sexually transmitted disease, but it is not sufficiently explored. It is caused by microorganisms that have features of bacteria and occur in the urethra and reproductive system. The Mycoplasma term actually refers to a group of bacteria that includes more than 70 different species, but only some of them that are present in the human body are certainly determined to cause disease and infection in humans.
Studies on Mycoplasma Genitalium
Lisa Manhart, a professor of epidemiology at the University of Washington in Seattle says that researchers didn’t have the right types of test to study M.genitalium, so the connection between M. genitalium and sexual activity came a little later around the mid-1990s though the infection prevailed since 1980s. Early studies found that people who tested positive for M. genitalium often had sexual partners who were infected with the disease as well.
The new study adds to the evidence that M. genitalium is an STD, because it found that the infection was more common in people who had at least four new sexual partners in the past year than in people who had one or fewer new partners in the past year. According to the study that was published in International Journal of Epidemiology, people were more likely to have M. genitalium if they had unprotected sex, and no infections were found in people who had never had sex.
Symptoms Of Mycoplasma Genitalium
The symptoms are hidden and is transferred through sexual contact. Consequently, many people who have been infected with Mycoplasma are not even aware of it. Some of the most common symptoms include vaginal bleeding, pain in the testicles, a discharge from the penis and pain around the genital region, especially during sex. The consequences of the incurable infection are far worse. About 1 percent of the population is infected with this bacterium, doctors assume.
The infections are mostly manifested by irregular vaginal bleeding, infertility, painful sex, and ectopic pregnancy. The bacteria have been linked to inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis), as well as pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the female reproductive organs that can lead to pain in the lower abdomen and pain or bleeding during sex, according to the CDC. In severe cases, pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to infertility in women.
The bacteria can cause inflammation of the urethra (called urethritis) that leads to symptoms such as a burning pain while urinating or discharge from the penis.
Testing For Mycoplasma Genitalium
The antibiotics that are generally recommended to treat urethritis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease are usually not very effective against M. genitalium. Doctors might suspect that a patient has M. genitalium if he or she doesn’t get better after taking the drugs typically used to treat these other STDs. Doctors could then provide other antibiotics that are more effective against M. genitalium. However, you can protect yourself from MG by practicing safe sex. The humble condom offers the best protection against STIs and can be used during penetrative, oral and anal sex.
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