Wow, so you are pregnant! Such news is always exciting in any couples’ life. From the day when a couple plan for the baby, till the day the mother confirms the news, each day passes like a month. And finally when the good news is said to all, each day is like a year for everyone. The wait gets over only when the baby is delivered and till then everyone has their share of good advice for the mother. The couple has to be extra cautious for everything. Whether it be exercising, sleeping or eating, there are numerous things to be taken care of. Relatives, elders and neighbors all share their experience with the mother in order to encourage her and make pregnancy look simple for her.
As soon as the first trimester gets over, the fear of getting a miscarriage gets over by 90%. The second trimester is a new phase. The baby starts developing inside the womb. The belly grows and so does the mother’s carve for food. You would have never felt so much hungry before. Now the body undergoes hormonal changes and demand food for two. Dieting at this point is out of question. But that doesn’t mean one should start overeating. It is always advised to take small and frequent meals rather than keeping oneself hungry for long time and grabbing all at once.
[ WORTH READ: LITTLE ELLIE’S JOURNEY OF HER DREAMS TURNING TO REALITY ]
When we talk about food; chocolates, ice creams and junks are thought of first whereas, these foods don’t provide any kind of nutrition to the baby. They can be unhealthy for both mother and the baby. It is not that you need to completely ignore these foods, but if you want to eat, try to prepare these at home. Always prefer healthy and nutritious food if you want your baby grow properly. You should prepare a chart for your daily food intake and exclude any thing that can hinder your baby’s growth. By following a simple diet chart you can fulfill your baby’s requirements. The fifth month pregnancy should include various foods essential for the growth of the baby, at the same time you need to be careful about not eating certain food that can be unsafe.
Daily healthy foods to include diet chart:
During pregnancy water is very necessary part of your daily chart. You will have to drink a lot of water in order to keep yourself hydrated. You should consume a minimum of 4 liters of water. Many women get infection in their urinary tract (UTI) because they drinking less water. They undergo medication and experience discomfort and pain. Prevention is better than cure. So if you don’t want to suffer, drink a lot of water. Water also helps to avoid constipation problem that is common during 5th month of pregnancy. By fluids we don’t just mean water. Liquids like milk, juice and soups should also be taken.
[ WORTH READ: BABY’S SKIN IS TOO SENSITIVE – NEVER KISS A NEWBORN ON HER LIPS ]
Milk is an excellent source of calcium, protein and vitamin-D. Both mother and the baby need calcium during pregnancy. Baby’s bones and teeth start to develop for which calcium is a must. Protein contained in the milk helps in blood supply, and building up breast, uterus and baby’s tissue. milk and sun are the only sources of vitamin-D for vegetarians. Vitamin-D maintains birth weight of baby and prevents neonatal rickets. So, it is necessary to consume minimum two glasses of milk everyday by a pregnant lady.
If you need more variety of fluids in your diet, you can opt for different juices. Juices are also great source of nutrients and minerals. Orange juice contains vitamin-C and a little potassium which helps to prevent flu and cold during pregnancy. Carrot juice shall help to increase your unborn baby’s sight and also clear liver and body as they are loaded with vitamins A and E. Beet-root juice purifies blood and avoid anemia as they contain good amount of iron. Lemon juice treats nausea and contains protein, carbohydrate, vitamin, fiber, zinc, calcium and folic acid, which are all required by a pregnant woman.
[ WORTH READ: TWO YEAR OLD NORTH AMERICAN BABY SURVIVES COPPERHEAD SNAKE BITE ]
Like juices, soups are also healthy during 5th month pregnancy. They are easily digested and solve digestion problems faced during second and third trimester. Soups contain all the required minerals and vitamins. During winter, a bowl of warm soup comforts the body. Soups are very easy to make and even easy to drink. Among all soups, pumpkin soup is much preferred as they are both tasty and. It is a low fat drink which everyone prefers.
Vegetables are an essential part of any human’s diet and when it is pregnancy you cannot ignore the long term benefits derived from eating vegetables. All vegetables are important in some or the other way. They have all the required nutrients which avoid low-birth weight and other complications related to diseases, after birth. Vegetables also help to maintain blood pressure level and lessen the risk of anemia.
A pregnant lady’s plate should always be rainbow colored. Whether it is raw veggies inform of salads or green leafy veggies, no vegetables should be avoided. There are many vitamins and minerals we get from vegetables which is a must during pregnancy.
[WORTH READ: 6 TERRIFYING THINGS THEY DON’T TELL YOU ABOUT CHILDBIRTH ]
Beta Carotene found in vegetables such as pumpkins, collards, kale, winter squash, cabbage, sweet potatoes, spinach and carrots, helps in the growth of optical (vision) and development of tissues and cells. Eating these vegetables shall help to build up strong immune of the baby and fight off bacteria and viruses present in the environment. Similarly, vegetables like Brussels sprouts, spinach and broccoli contain Vitamin C which not only help in the development of connective tissues but also develop healthy bone and teeth.
Folic acid present in vegetables like spinach, broccoli, cucumbers, romaine lettuce and asparagus help in growth and development of the baby inside the womb. In order to avoid neutral tube defect in the new born, folic acid tablets are prescribed by the doctors 3 months before conception till the end of the pregnancy.
[ WORTH READ: 12 MOST COMMON SIDE EFFECTS DURING PREGNANCY ]
Fiber regulates digestive system and reduces gestational diabetes. It also helps pregnant ladies deal with hemorrhoids and constipation problem. Vegetables like sweet potatoes, spinach, artichokes, sweet corn, broccoli, cooked carrots and avocado has abundance of fiber present. Potatoes, carrots, Lima beans, spinach, peas and beet greens have potassium which regulates blood pressure, stabilize fluid levels and support muscles to work properly. Excess potassium intake avoids legs cramps experienced by pregnant women.
Fruits are essential element of daily diet chart of a pregnant woman. Fruits have got all what is required for a healthy baby. Not all fruits can be eaten during pregnancy and whatever is taken, it should be in moderate amount. Too much of anything can be unhealthy. Rather than taking additional supplements, opting for organic fruits is the best idea. But it is always advised to consult a doctor before planning the chart.
To avoid neural tube defects, folic acid is advised to be taken. Oranges are the fruits that are loaded with folic acid. If you are 5 months pregnant and have not yet started eating oranges, start them right now. Oranges also contains Vitamin C which help the body absorb iron form body and strengthen bones and cartilages and muscles. It also avoids preterm labor and preterm rupture. Other fruits that contain vitamin c are peaches, strawberries, apricot, raisins, dates, melons, apples, grapefruit and blueberries.
[ WORTH READ: 2 MOST IMPORTANT THINGS YOU SHOULD FOLLOW POST PREGNANCY ]
Fruits with vitamin A are mango, peaches, peppers and apricot. They help to repair body after delivery. However, an overdose can cause liver toxicity and birth defects in the baby. During 5th month, a pregnant lady should take daily dose of bananas. Dates, grapes, mango and watermelon as all these fruits contain b6 which help to develop red blood cells in both mother and baby, and also develop the baby’s nervous system and brain.
Grains are loaded with selenium, iron and magnesium. They also contain fiber, vitamin B1, B2, niacin and folic acid. They help in the development of the baby by supplying energy. Eating whole grains prevents hemorrhoids and constipation and also build up placenta for the baby. By doing a little variation in your daily food intake, you can increase the amount of whole grain in your diet.
[ WORTH READ: 20 SUPER AMAZING PREGNANCY TIPS THAT YOU SHOULD FOLLOW ]
You can take whole grain cracker chips instead of air popped popcorns. You can even try whole grain noodles and pastas; also use leftover whole grain to make salads. Flour can also be replaced with whole grain while cooking. Your morning breakfast can have a variety of grains such as wheat, millet and oatmeal. Quick bread and soups can have cooked barley or other whole grains. Do not opt for whole grain products having “refined” or “enriched” labels in them.
Daily unhealthy foods to exclude from diet chart:
Replace fresh juice and lemon drinks with fizzy drinks. These drinks contain unhealthy calories, caffeine and sugar which are harmful for the baby. You would not like to cause harm to your baby at any case. Even alcohol is a big no during pregnancy.
Although tropical fruits like papaya, pineapple and pomegranate contain micronutrients and fiber and help in digestion but they are not preferred during pregnancy as they contract uterine during pregnancy which leads to miscarriages.
[ WORTH READ: THE “PERFECT FAMILY” DOESN’T NEED TO BE BOY ALONG WITH A GIRL ]
No, you won’t take caffeine directly but tea and coffee contain caffeine which causes restlessness and dizziness in babies after their birth. Mother who regularly drinks more than 2 cups of coffee or tea has babies who wail endlessly in the starting days. Even green tea contains caffeine so you should drink a maximum of 2 cups a day. Even chocolate should be eaten only to satisfy the urge as it also contains high amount of caffeine.
Foods that contain unhealthy fats should be avoided during the 5th months. Hormonal changes desires food like pizza and burger which causes abnormal weight gain. Eating these foods also causes complications in the gestation period. All fattening and canned food should be avoided as much as possible.Unhealthy food hamper the development the baby undergoes during the 5th month of pregnancy. The baby’s organs such as heart, liver, brain, kidney, etc take shape during this phase and the mother is required to take maximum nutrients and minerals to boost the growth and development of the organs.
[ WORTH READ: HOW TO KEEP A BABY ENTERTAINED ]
You should strictly stick to the above mentioned healthy foods and avoid the unhealthy ones as much as possible. It is not only about your carvings but also the health of the baby. No risk can be taken in case of a baby’s growth. You would not want to face complications during pregnancy and give birth to a premature child. It is not only 9 months that you go through. It is in fact a beginning of a new life that you are going to live. Eat healthy, stay healthy.