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Some of these foods may make you ill or harm the baby. Ensure that you are aware of the vital facts about which foods you should stay way from or take with extra caution while pregnant.Freshly cooked or freshly prepared foods should be your number one priority. Here are some of these foods that should be avoided or consumed with extra care.
Drinking alcohol in any form is completely forbidden, be it wine, beer or spirits. Alcohol can cause severe and irreversible effects on the unborn. Some people think that wine can be taken, but research indicates that its consumption can lead to miscarriages or premature birth, so it must be avoided altogether.
What makes alcohol bad during pregnancy?
Alcohol is a poison that quickly reaches your baby through the placenta and your bloodstream. Heavy, regular or binge drinking can cause miscarriage and premature birth. Too much alcohol can even increase the risk of your baby being stillborn.If you drink too much alcohol during pregnancy, it can permanently damage your developing baby’s cells. This could affect how your child’s face, organs and brain grow.
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Heavy drinking can also damage your baby’s nervous system. This means that your baby may be born with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). With age, the child can have mild learning difficulties, social problems or even have birth defects. A more severe condition is Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) where the baby could be born with facial defects, be born small, and carry on being small for their age. They also have learning difficulties, poor muscle tone and coordination, and behavioural problems, for the rest of their lives.
Since alcohol is quite harmful to the unborn child, it is agreed that a pregnant woman should consume no amount of alcohol, however, little. Not drinking alcohol may be easier if nausea or sickness puts you off it in early pregnancy. But if you tend to have alcohol to help you to unwind, giving up may be harder. If you miss the ritual of drinking, switch to non-alcoholic beer or wine during your evening meal. See other ideas for non-alcoholic party drinks.
2. Red Meat
We all know that meat is one of the greatest sources of protein. A nutrient that everyone including pregnant women should ingest in adequate amounts. Over years research has been carried on red meat and it has highlighted that this source of protein is not But when it comes to red meat, there is no shortage of research highlighting why this protein source is not ideal for pregnant women and others as well.
One such study concluded that an extra serving of unprocessed red meat such as hamburger or steak everyday raised the risk of total mortality of participants by 13%. On the other hand, an extra serving of processed red meat such as sausage, bacon, hot dog, or salami increased the risk by 20%. This is why more people are being advised to cut back on their consumption of red meat. Further research indicated that women who consume more animal protein are at higher risk of developing GDM.
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This makes it important for pregnant women to reduce their red meat intake to benefit the health of both themselves and their growing babies.For breastfeeding mothers, red meat is supposed to be good however, eating too much can lead to gestational diabetes, according to a commentary published in a journal- Evidence based Nursing by Phillipa Middleton. So if you cant help eating red meat, ensure that you don’t over indulge in the habit.
Soft cheeses are safe for consumption. However, those manufactured from goat and sheep’s milk have bacteria known as listeria. This can cause an infection called listeriosis that can be detrimental to your baby’s health. Unpasteurized dairy products are not safe to eat while you are expectant. They are more likely to contain bacteria that could cause you food poisoning. The risk of listeriosis in hard cheeses like Parmesan and pecorino are low hence making them good to eat, as they are good sources of calcium.
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It is recommended that except for mould-ripened soft cheeses, such as Brie and Camembert, all other soft types of cheese are OK to eat provided they’re made from pasteurized milk. They’re safe whether cooked or eaten raw. Some soft cheeses include Mozzarella, Halloumi, Feta, Cream Cheese, Havarti and Ricotta, Cottage cheese and processed cheese such as Laughing Cow, Dairy lea and Primula. This goes for both organic and non-organic cheeses.
4. Raw or partially cooked eggs
Eggs are a super food due to their endless supply of various nutrients. They have fundamental supplements as fats, minerals, protein, vitamins A and D, which are all exceptionally vital for pregnant ladies.Ensure that eggs are completely cooked until the whites and yolks are not runny. This keeps the danger of salmonella food poisoning at bay as the heat kills the salmonella bacteria.
Stay away from foods that have under cooked or raw eggs, for example, homemade mayonnaise or ice cream. If you are craving dishes that are made with raw or incompletely cooked eggs, you should substitute the eggs with pasteurized liquid eggs. Avoid mousse, ice cream and mayonnaise from restaurants and delis as they may be made from raw egg.
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Though salmonella poisoning will not harm your baby, it can be unpleasant for you as it could cause:
- Abdominal pain
- Diarrhea and severe vomiting
- High temperature
5. Liver and liver products
The liver is an adaptable food that contains supplements that are very much required during pregnancy. The need for nutrients such iron, folate, and vitamin increases during this period and liver is packed with them. Nonetheless, because of the dangers associated with the consumption of liver during pregnancy, the use of liver-based foods should be limited during the entire period. The liver is high in vitamin A, a retinoid, which in large amounts may increase the chances of foetal deformity and premature delivery.
Foods such as ground liver patties, liver stews, liver steaks and liver casserole should be completely avoided during the whole pregnancy. If you eat liver sausage or pate, do not go beyond 200g in a week and in one meal it should not be more than 100g. On a daily basis, the consumption of liver pate or sausage should be less than 30g, approximately two slices of liver sausage or 2 tablespoonfuls of liver pate.
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It contains abnormal amounts of retinol (vitamin A), which might be unsafe to your infant. If they have been cooked until steaming all through, with no pink or bleeding bits, and until the juices run clear they are okay to eat. Take additional consideration if cooking grilled meat, or microwavable pre-cooked dinners that contain meat. Try not to eat liver or liver items, for example, liver pâté or liver frankfurter.
Some varieties of fish are totally banned to devour when expectant. Abstain from eating raw fish or raw shellfish, for example, clams, when you’re pregnant, as it might bring about food poisoning. Never at any point, consider eating shark, swordfish, and marlin, as these fish contain risky levels of mercury. Tuna contains some mercury, as well, so don’t have more than four medium-sized cans, or two fresh tuna steaks, a week.Seafood can be a great source of protein, iron and zinc. These are vital nutrients for your baby’s growth and development. Besides, the omega-3 fatty acids in many fish can promote your baby’s brain development.
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Although the mercury in seafood isn’t a concern for most adults, special precautions apply if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. If you regularly eat fish high in mercury, the substance can accumulate in your bloodstream over time. In turn, too much mercury in your blood could damage your baby’s developing brain and nervous system.
If you are a coffee lover, then the bad news is that you need to cut down the intake of coffee during pregnancy. Drinking lots of caffeine on a regular basis in pregnancy has been linked to miscarriage and babies who have a low birth weight. The intake of caffeine should be limited to about 200mg a day which is just two mugs of instant coffee.Caffeine slightly increases your blood pressure and heart rate and the amount of urine your body makes. Caffeine may cause you to feel jittery, have indigestion or have trouble sleeping. During pregnancy, you may be especially sensitive to caffeine because it may take you longer to clear it from your body than if you weren’t pregnant.
When you have caffeine during pregnancy, it passes through the placenta to your baby. The placenta grows in your uterus (womb) and supplies the baby with food and oxygen through the umbilical cord.You may have heard that too much caffeine can cause miscarriage. However, this is still controversial. Until we know more about how caffeine can affect pregnancy, it’s best to limit the amount you get to 200 milligrams each day. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Be sure to check the size of your cup to know how much caffeine you’re getting.
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8. Junk food
The food that a mother eats goes directly to the baby, so care should be taken that pregnant women eat only healthy and nutritious food. Junk food contains a lot of carbs, sugars and limited nutrition, which is not safe for both the mother and the baby.During pregnancy, putting pressure on your bowel movements may rupture the fetal bag resulting in termination of the pregnancy.From the onset of your pregnancy to delivery, your baby and you are undergoing constant changes like weight, blood sugar levels, blood pressure fluctuation, mood swings and food cravings. This is greatly determined by what you eat.
Avoid these unhealthy foods to avoid any potential risks or health problems in your pregnancy and switch over to a new lifestyle. This change is not only good for you and your growing baby, but it’s an overall life changing decision that can make you healthy and fit in multiple ways. Overeating junk food during pregnancy has also been linked to the rising number of obese children in the world today especially the United States.So, strive hard to be the best mother in the world and say goodbye to these bad habits.
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Eat Well and Feel Great
Women who eat healthy, exercise moderately and maximize their proper nutrition feel better through their pregnancies. While you should know which foods to avoid during pregnancy, it’s even better digging your teeth into those that will help you feel great the period you are pregnant. Just remember to avoid some of these foods completely while consume the required ones without exceeding the recommended daily intake. Remember that what you take through your mouth will have a great impact on the unborn child.